Course Descriptions – Biology

Exploring Life Abroad – 3 hours. This class is an introduction to the scientific study of life. Students will gain an understanding and appreciation of basic concepts and principles involved in studying the organization of living things. The field portion of the class provides an experiential interface with the concepts covered in lecture. The goal of the course is to provide a basis for literacy in the life sciences and to offer a unique experience of studying biodiversity in the field. 3 hours. Course offered on an irregular basis. Lab included.

BIO 1400 – Concepts in Biology – 4 hours. A study of basic cell biology, plant and animal diversity, genetics, evolution, and ecology. Three lecture and two laboratory hours per week. Primarily for non-biology majors – does not count towards the hours required for the biology major or minor. Offered every Fall.

BIO 2105 – General Biology Laboratory I – 1 hour. Required co-requisite course to BIO 2305, this laboratory experience provides the opportunity for students: to observe and record, through drawing, a phylogenetic series or organisms; to practice laboratory techniques including safety precautions; to design and conduct an experiment; and to learn and practice writing a science report. One three hour laboratory per week. Offered during fall semester.

BIO 2106 – General Biology Laboratory II – 1 hour. Required co-requisite course to BIO 2306, this laboratory experience provides the opportunity for students to practice laboratory techniques; including safety precautions. Students will use experimental techniques to study membrane function, and enzyme activity. Students will use observation and problem solving skills to study mitosis, meiosis, DNA, Mendelian genetics and population genetics. One three hour laboratory per week. Offered during spring semester. BIO

2301 – Plants and People – 3 hours. Plants have played a vital role in the history of humans. This course will study the basic biology of plants along with the many ways that plants and humans have interacted over history. Topics will include basic plant biology, domestication and current use of crop species, plant ecology and the use (past and present) of plants as food, fiber, medicine and psychoactive agents. Primarily for non-biology majors – does not count towards the hours required for the biology major or minor. Offered on an irregular basis.

BIO 2303 – Microbes and Society – 3 hours. This course is designed for the informed citizen of the 21st century. Microbes are not just “germs:” Microbes and Society seeks to relate the ubiquity of microbes, the importance of microbes to life on Planet Earth, the importance of microbes in human health and disease, the roles of microbes in bioterrorism and the roles of microbes in biotechnology. Primarily for non-biology majors – does not count towards the hours required for the biology major or minor. Offered on an irregular basis.

BIO 2305 – General Biology I – 3 hours. During this course, students should achieve a basic knowledge of living organisms from the level of the cell to the ecosystem, as well as a basic knowledge of the hierarchical nature of trophic interactions. Specifically students will learn about the species concept, community structure, biodiversity, taxonomy, phylogeny, and evolution. Co-requisite: BIO 2105. Offered during the fall semester. BIO

2306 – General Biology II – 3 hours. A study of the fundamental mechanisms driving living systems. Students should receive a firm foundation in the principles of biology upon which they can build. Students should achieve a novice knowledge level in essential cell functions (e.g. membrane functions, photosynthesis, respiration, DNA replication, protein synthesis, mitosis and meiosis). Co-requisite: BIO 2106. Offered during the spring semester.

BIO 2340- The Biology of Music – 3 hours. This course is an introduction to the biology of music. Interdisciplinary by nature, this relatively recent discipline draws from both the arts and sciences and seeks to understand the complex interaction of brain, health, cognition, and music. Students will gain a basic understanding and appreciation of how the nervous system underlies the perception of and interaction with components of music such as pitch, rhythm, timbre, tempo, meter, contour, loudness, and spatial location. Attention is given to the perceptual processing of music, to effects of brain changes or damage on music processing and performance, and to health related effects of music on the brain that deal with learning and memory, emotion and affect, and therapeutics. Origins of music, comparisons to language, and cultural and species differences and similarities are also considered. There are no prerequisites for this course. This course offered on an irregular basis.

BIO 2402 – Tropical Marine Biology – 4 hours. Topics covered will emphasize diversity and interaction of life forms in a tropical marine environment, including the coral reef, sea grass beds, rocky shore and mangrove swamp. This is a Spring Semester course with lab and field experience, including a field trip to Jamaica or Belize. Prerequisite: BIO 1400 or BIO 2305 or BIO 2306 or permission of instructor. Usually offered during the spring semester of even-numbered years.

BIO 2403 – Human Anatomy and Physiology I – 4 hours. The first semester of this one year course is an introduction to the biochemical and cellular basis of structure and function in organ systems of the human body. Mechanisms of health and disease, as well as therapeutics, are examined. The laboratory portion of the class is coordinated to provide an experiential interface with concepts discussed in lecture using anatomical models, dissection, microscopy, and electrophysiological measurement to corroborate observations using scientific method. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Offered during the fall semester.

BIO 2404 – Human Anatomy and Physiology II – 4 hours. This course continues the detailed study of structure and physiological activities of the human body. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2403. Offered during the spring semester.

BIO 2407 – Medical Microbiology – 4 hours. A survey of microbial infections and diseases of humans. Students will learn the epidemiology of representative prion, viral, bacterial, fungal, protistan, and helminth diseases. Laboratory will include learning techniques basic to microbiology lab, characteristics of microbial species, and laboratory diagnostic procedures. Two hours lecture and two laboratory sessions per week. Offered during the spring semester.

BIO 3190, 3290, 3390 – Topics in Biology – 1-3 hours. An in-depth study of a sub-discipline in biology. The instructor and biology faculty will determine the course subject for a given semester. The schedule of course offerings will list the specific title. Examples of subjects include electron microscopy, animal behavior, etc. Prerequisite: BIO 1400 or BIO 2305 or BIO 2306. One to three lecture hours per week.

BIO 3214 – Junior Seminar – 2 hours. Course is an opportunity to learn and develop the skills necessary for the successful organization, analysis, and presentation of ideas and information in biology. Students will develop their ability: to evaluate journal articles, design and evaluate experimental protocols; and prepare and deliver oral reports. Students will prepare a written research proposal. Two lecture hours per week. Offered during the fall semester.

BIO 3305 – Physiological Psychology – 3 hours. This course provides an overview of the cells of the nervous system, how these cells are organized in the nervous system, and how they process and transmit information. Specific topics include brain development, brain damage, and the physiological bases of reproductive behavior, movement, learning, memory, psychological disorders, and degenerative diseases. Prerequisite: PSY 1301. Offered during the fall semester of even-numbered years.

BIO 3395 – Introduction to Conservation – 3 hours. This course takes an interdisciplinary approach to environmental issues surrounding the preservation of biodiversity. Topics will include the definition and origin of biodiversity, why biodiversity is valuable, threats to species, extinction, and how managers go about trying to protect biodiversity. Completion of one other science course is recommended prior to taking this course. Offered online.

BIO 3402 – Ichthyology – 4 hours. In terms of age, longevity, species diversity and numbers, fishes comprise the most abundant and diverse Class of Vertebrates to have existed on Planet Earth. Students will learn fish taxonomy, morphology, identification, physiology, behavior, ecology, etc. Students will also learn about some aspects of fisheries biology, public aquaria and field techniques. Additionally, this course will provide a good background for students interested in careers in wildlife conservation, fish & wildlife and as park rangers. Offered during the spring semester of even-numbered years.

BIO 3405 – Genetics – 4 hours. The mechanisms of inheritance are examined at the molecular, cellular, organismal and population levels of organization. Students will gain knowledge in processes of information transfer from DNA, regulation of gene expression, the principles of genetics and epigenetics that explain transfer of traits from generation to generation, the role of genomic variability, mutation, and gene frequencies in the success of populations. Laboratory work includes classical demonstrations of Mendelian and chromosomal principles as well as more recently developed techniques for characterizing and manipulating DNA. Prerequisite: BIO 2306. Offered during the fall semester.

BIO 3406 – Entomology – 4 hours. The general nature and structure of insects will be studied. Emphasis will be on habitats, life cycles, sampling techniques, exotic species, and the use of keys to identify insects. This is a laboratory and field course — field trips are required. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Offered during the summer session.

BIO 3408 – Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy – 4 hours. The organs and systems of vertebrate animals are studied comparatively in laboratory and lecture. This is a course examining the evolution of vertebrate form and function using the established discipline of comparative morphology. Laboratory dissection, comparison of adaptive strategies, and phylogenetic relationships are emphasized. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. Cross-listed with ZOO 3408. Prerequisite: BIO 2305. Offered during the spring semester of odd-numbered years.

BIO 3410 – Histology – 4 hours. Microscopic study of mammalian cells, tissues and organ systems. The course affords an opportunity to develop familiarity with normal tissue structure of the major organs of the body. Emphasis will be placed on development of independent observation of the details of mammalian microanatomy. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2306. Offered during the fall semester of even-numbered years.

BIO 3411 – Field Botany – 4 hours. Use of taxonomic keys in the identification of local flowering plants; principles of nomenclature; methods of mounting herbarium specimens; flower types, structure and arrangement of floral parts; the major classes and families of flowering plants. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. Offered during the spring semester of even-numbered years.

BIO 3412 – Parasitology – 4 hours. A study of the principles of parasitism and other aspects of parasite biology using human parasites as models. Parasites causing human disease will be studied with emphasis on the occurrence, transmission, reservoirs and methods of control. Animal parasites, especially those of domestic animals, will also be included when appropriate. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Prerequisite: BIO 2306. Offered during the spring semester of odd-numbered years.

BIO 3413 – Microbiology I – 4 hours. Microbiology students will develop an in-depth level of understanding of the biology of Prokaryotes, Archeae, viruses, and fungi, notably their ubiquity and their relationships with other organisms. In the laboratory, students will be knowledgeable about BSL II laboratory safety and become proficient in aseptic technique and adept at routine culture and stain techniques. Three lecture hours and one three hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIO 2305 and 2306. Offered during the fall semester.

BIO 3414 – Microbiology II – 4 hours. A continuation of Biology 3413, this course focuses on bacterial classification and identification; microbial diversity and ecology; and industrial and environmental microbiology. Laboratory will be primarily project-oriented experiences. Three lectures and one, three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIO 3413 Offered during the spring semester of even numbered years.

BIO 3417 – Developmental Biology – 4 hours. This course will cover the mechanisms involved during the development of multicellular organisms including insects, plants, and vertebrates. Developmental processes will be studied from the prospective of cell biology, molecular biology, and anatomy. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 2305, 2306, and 3405. Offered during the fall semester of even-numbered years.

BIO 3423 – Cellular/Molecular Biology– 4 hours. This course covers cell structure, function and regulation along with the structure and function of biological macromolecules. The lab component will emphasize techniques in molecular biology. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 2306 and BIO 3405. Offered during the spring semester.

BIO 4100, 4200, 4300 – Independent Study – 1-3 hours. An opportunity for the biology major to carry out a research project (library, laboratory and/or field) under the supervision of a Biology faculty member. Prerequisites: Biology major and permission of the Biology Program Chair and Academic Dean.

BIO 4101, 4201, 4301 – Directed Student Research – 1-3 hours. An opportunity for the upper-level biology student to carry out library, laboratory, and/or field research under the direction of a biology faculty member. Students must complete a departmental statement of intention before registration. Enrollment in this academic experience can be for more than one semester, but must be for differing hours of credit (e.g. 4100 in fall, then 4200 in spring semester). Prerequisite: Junior or senior status biology major.

BIO 4114 – Senior Seminar – 1 hour. A further study of the topics presented in BIO 3214, but with additional emphasis on analyzing, evaluating and processing information from primary literature into a cohesive presentation. Students will learn and practice effective oral communication in science. Students will prepare and present a report (library or laboratory) as the primary requirement for this course. One hour lecture per week. Prerequisites: BIO 3214, 2305, 2306. Offered during the fall semester.

BIO 4306 – Evolution – 3 hours. Evolution provides the opportunity for students to learn about a central unifying theme in biology. Students will become familiar with mechanisms of micro- and macroevolutionary change; patterns embedded in the history and diversity of life; consequences of evolution to molecular, developmental, and ecological systems. Prerequisite: BIO 3405. Offered during the fall semester of odd-numbered years.

BIO 4403 – Animal Physiology – 4 hours. Diverse form and function across the animal kingdom are studied to illustrate life sustaining strategies in diverse environments. The goal of this course is the elucidation of common physiological principles in biologically diverse animals. Students will examine the organs and organ systems that accomplish homeostasis in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Differences in animal physiology throughout the eleven organ systems will be used to highlight the unifying principles and mechanisms of physiological diversity. Laboratory exercises will emphasize and familiarize the student with the scientific discipline of observing, quantifying, and verifying principles of animal function. Three lecture hours and three lab hours per week. Prerequisites: Bio2305, Bio2306 and Chem3301 or by Permission of Instructor. Offered during the spring semester of even numbered years.

BIO 4412 – Immunology – 4 hours. A study of the fundamental aspects of immunity, hypersensitivity, serology and mechanisms of resistance to various infectious diseases. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Prerequisite: BIO 3405 and 3413. Offered during the spring semester of odd-numbered years.

BIO 4414 – Ecology – 4 hours. This course includes advanced study of: functions provided by ecosystems of the world, as well as the underlying ecological interactions that result in such functions; the flow of energy through trophic interaction; and the physical template guiding ecological interactions. The course includes the design and implementation of research projects and fundamental experiences in analysis of data from plant and animal observation and enumeration. Cross-listed with ZOO 4414. Prerequisites: BIO 2305 and 2306. Offered during the spring semester.